Network Wire Cabling

Network Wire Cabling


How To Successfully Carry Out Network Wire Cabling? For beginners, network wire cabling can prove difficult. Before venturing into it, ask yourselves the following questions. What is your target network speed? How many rooms are to be wired? Which is the best location for distribution? How many ports should be in each location and finally, which path will the cable follow? Having arrived at conclusions to the above queries, the next step is to demand the desired length of the network cable, adding more cable to compensate for any foreseeable wastage. Prior to stripping the sleeve away, fit a boot, if necessary, to ensure that it is facing the correct way.

The data/voice cable contains eight distinct internal wires which are securely covered by the outer plastic jacket. To reveal these wires, carefully strip the outer jacket by cutting lengthwise using a cutter or snips. The cut should be an inch from the end and directed away from yourself to avoid nicking the eight inner wires insulation. The wires are twisted into four pairs and each has one colored wire and an adjacent matching color stripped wire called a tracer. While untwisting the pairs of wires, ensure that their outer coatings are unscathed. You will notice a white piece of thread; it is of no use and can be cut off and aesthetically disposed of. Cutting the wires 19 mm from the base will ensure easier handling.

The TIA has set two methods of connecting the wires namely 568A and 568B in keystone connector. Depending on the specifications, the wires are arranged in accordance with either of the two methods while following the specified color codes. For two layer devices such as a PC and a hub, a straight though cable is used; both ends have the 568B arrangement as a standard. When considering the use of like devices i.e. two PCs, a cross-over cable will be required; one end has a 568A arrangement while the other features a 568 B arrangement. CAT 5 network cable is designed to handle network speeds of between 10Mbps to 100Mbps. In retrospect, it is the most common network cable wiring found in homes. With the need for more connectivity speed, the CAT 5e (enhanced) network cable wiring was designed to support speeds of up to 1000Mbps (gigabit); it would be now very common to install such high connectivity speeds in typical homes.

With an extra set of improvements, the CAT 6 cable achieves the highest connectivity speeds in the network wire cabling frontier. The Category 6A network cable can handle speeds of up to 10 gigabits; which is ten times more than the Category 5 network cabling. All said and done, the different cable speeds are subject to the internet speed. A high network speed is not a recipe for a consequent high internet speed but the reverse is true. Having ascertained that the 4 pairs of colored wires are in the correct order, they are placed strategically inside the plastic plug; it is important to ensure they are of equal length from the base as well. The cores inside the plug have to be correctly guided for the proper functioning of the network cable. Having verified the correctness of the sequence, the Ethernet cable wiring are crimped with special crimper together to give the final product. This procedure is done on both ends of the cable after which a test is carried out to make sure that the network cable is functioning.

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